How we can service the defence industry
A large variety of metals are used in the defence sector, from rare, precious and specialised metals to aluminium, magnesium and steel. Nickel based superalloys are used in a wide variety of components including, jet turbines, submarine hulls, coatings, missiles, assault rifles and fighter aircraft. Nickel-aluminium bronze and copper-nickel alloys are mainly needed for aircraft components, rockets, explosive detection equipment, communications and satellite systems. Cobalt is added to nickel based super alloys for use in turbines, compressors and fans in fighter aircraft propulsion. Chromium is added to super and special alloys to be used in a variety of applications for jet turbines, compressors, wings and axis for fighter and transportation aircraft, armaments, electronic systems and functional plating. Molybdenum is used as an alloying addition in nickel-based alloys for high strength applications such as submarine hulls, missile warheads and fighter aircraft propulsion systems. Niobium is also added in small quantities for high temperature applications such as jet turbines.
Aluminium is the major component for various alloys used in aeronautics, electro-optical systems, navigation radars and also as a light metal in airframe wings. Magnesium and manganese are often added to aluminium as alloying elements for aeronautic applications and armaments.
Copper is used widely for on-board electronics and guidance systems and also as a component of alloys used in airframes, landing gear, propulsion and armaments.
Rare earth elements are used in night-vision goggles, precision-guided weapons, communications equipment, GPS and batteries. They are also the key ingredient for making extremely hard alloys required for armoured vehicles and projectiles which shatter upon impact.
Powdered metals such as aluminium, magnesium, silicon, copper and tungsten are also used in a variety of applications from metal spraying through to ballistics. As an example fine aluminium powder is used in missile fuel whilst spherical copper powder can be included within frangible bullets (non-harming). Various powders can be used within safety equipment creating chemical reactions to create lifesaving elements within war zone areas.