Steel Structures of the World – Part 1
Founded in 1830, William Rowland takes its roots to an ironmongers in Meadow Street, Sheffield, the home of Jonathan Rowland. With a rich and deep background intrinsically linked to the City of Steel, we decided to pay homage to this legacy and take a look at some of the world’s most fantastic steel engineering accomplishments in celebration of this industry.
Walt Disney Concert Hall, LA
The Walt Disney Concert Hall in LA opened in October 2003 and is a fantastic structure both on the outside and within. Outside, one can appreciate the sheer, awesome scale of the futuristic looking steel structure designed by Frank Gehry. No expense has been spared on the inside though which is designed specifically with acoustics in mind. It was designed so well, in fact, that the hall can proudly count itself amongst the best in the world for acoustic quality.
Tyne Bridge, Newcastle
Connecting Newcastle upon Tyne to Gateshead, the Tyne Bridge has been standing since it was declared open by King George V in October 1928. It is one of Newcastle’s most recognisable icons and a symbol of Tyneside’s industrial pride.
Burj Khalifa, Dubai
As the worlds tallest building, the Burj Khalifa is recognisable around the world. Constructed around steel girders and beams, the building rises to a nauseating 2,722 feet – 660 feet of which are reserved for the spire alone, made of over 4,000 tonnes of steel.
Gateway Arch, St Louis
Reaching an impressive height of 630 feet, the Gateway Arch is the tallest monument in the Western Hemisphere, as well as Missouri’s tallest accessible building. It was built as a monument to westward expansion of the United States and is the centrepiece of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. More than a million tourists each year make the journey to the top of the arch which can sway up to 18 inches in high winds.
Basílica Menor de San Sebastián, Manila
The Basílica Menor de San Sebastián is the only all steel church in Asia, and the only prefabricated steel church in the world – a truly unique structure. Designated a National Historical Landmark by the Philippine government in 1973, the church has also been considered a possible candidate for a World Heritage Site. The sea breezes from nearby Manila Bay can be detrimental to the structure and in recent years have caused rust and corrosion, although this is usually swiftly taken care of.
New Century Global Centre, Chengdu
Chengdu has the proud accolade of being home to the world’s largest building by square footage, with the New Century Global Centre measuring 1,700,000 square metres by floor space. Not only does the Centre have it’s own artificial sun and indoor beach; it also boasts several hotels, business, offices and a university.
So where does William Rowland fit into the story? Austenitic grades of stainless steel 304 and 316 and their low carbon formats 304L and 316L are often the choice of architects when it comes to cladding buildings.
Harry Brearley is often given the credit for inventing Stainless steel in Sheffield. Grades 304 are comprised primarily of nickel , chromium and iron , grade 316 is similar but also contains an addition of molybdenum.