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What is ferrous metal?

May 3rd 2018

A ferrous metal is made up of iron and other metals to give the ferrous properties required. Although iron on its own is often referred to as a ferrous metal, the term really relates to any metal compounds that have iron in them. To test if a metal is ferrous or not, the valance is measured. A valence of +2 means that the metal is ferrous.

Ferrous metals have some well-known properties. One is that they are magnetic and another is that they are very durable. Ferrous metals are also usually very strong and rust resistant. As iron is the main factor found in all ferrous metal, the use of this sort of metal dates back to the start of the Iron Age. This was roughly around 1,200 B.C. when iron production really took off.

Types of ferrous metal

Ferrous metal is the name given to a group of different metal compounds that have the above properties. The most common type of ferrous metals around now are:

  • Steel
  • Carbon steel
  • Engineering steel
  • Cast iron
  • Wrought iron

There are other forms of ferrous metal around such as tungsten carbide but the above are the most widely used in the modern age.

What can it be used for?

Due to the particular properties it has, ferrous metal has a wide range of uses. It is used extensively in the construction sector for example, where super-tough engineering steel is used to build with. Cast iron is used a lot in things like water pipes where its hard-wearing properties are valuable. Wrought iron is used for fencing and railings where its resistance to oxidisation is vital. The engineering sector also makes extensive use of ferrous metal for building machines and tools.

Let us help with your ferroalloy needs

Another use of iron within the engineering industry, in particular, is in producing ferroalloys. These alloys use iron as the base metal to which other elements, such as manganese, are added to give certain properties. If you are looking for ferroalloy suppliers then let us help.

As one of the leading ferroalloys suppliers around, we have a wide range to choose from to help meet all your engineering needs. Our ferroalloys come in a selection of forms, packages and sizes so you can get the one that is best suited to your needs.



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